From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the legendary creature. For other uses, see Dragon (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Draconian.
|Sculpture of Mario the Magnificent, the dragon mascot of Drexel University, by Eric Berg|
|Sub grouping||Mythological hybrids|
|Similar creatures||Sirrush, Basilisk, Cockatrice, Wyvern, Qilin, Sea serpent|
|Habitat||Mountains, seas, skies|
Carved imperial Chinese dragons at Nine-Dragon Wall, Beihai Park, Beijing
A dragon is a legendary creature, typically scaled or fire-spewing and with serpentine, reptilian or avian traits, that features in the myths of many cultures around world. The two most well-known cultural traditions of dragon are
- The European dragon, derived from European folk traditions and ultimately related to Balkans and Western Asian mythologies. Most are depicted as reptilian creatures with animal-level intelligence, and are uniquely six-limbed (four legs and a separate set of wings).
- The Chinese dragon, with counterparts in Japan (namely the Japanese dragon), Korea and other East Asian and South Asian countries. Most are depicted as serpentine creatures with above-average intelligence, and are quadrupeds (four legs and wingless).
The two traditions may have evolved separately, but have influenced each other to a certain extent, particularly with the cross-cultural contact of recent centuries. The English word dragon and Latin word draco derive from Greek δράκων (drákōn), "dragon, serpent of huge size, water-snake".